Pre-Diabetes

Pre-Diabetes

1.4 Risk Factors

There are a lot things that can put you at risk for developing pre-diabetes.  Some of the risk factors are:

  • Your weight Being overweight is one of the main risk factors for pre-diabetes.  The extra fat you store when you become overweight can make your cells resistant to insulin; insulin is important because it helps to get blood sugar into your cells where they are needed for energy.  If you want to know if you fall as overweight or obese, you can check out this  BMI calculator.  It will calculate your height and weight and let you know what you fall under. It has four categories:  
    • Underweight = <18.5
    • Normal weight = 18.5–24.9 
    • Overweight = 25–29.9 
    • Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater
  • Waist size A large waist can be one of the factors that cause insulin resistance.  We will talk about insulin resistance a little more later in this course. The risk of insulin resistance goes up when men have waists larger than 40 inches and for women with waists larger than 35 inches.
  • The way you eatEating lots of processed foods, red meat, fried foods, and drinking sugary drinks is known to put you at risk of pre-diabetes.
  • How active you areThe less active you are, the more your risk of pre-diabetes. Physical activity helps you control your weight, uses up your glucose and makes your cells more sensitive to insulin.
  • How old you are You can get diabetes at any age but the risk of pre-diabetes increases after age 45. That could be due to you exercising less, the loss of muscle mass and you gaining weight as you age.  
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